Although the United States and Turkey are not parties to the agreement, as they have not indicated their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue to be required, as an “Annex 1″ country under the UNFCCC, to end national communications and establish an annual inventory of greenhouse gases.  The Paris Agreement is the first legally binding universal global agreement on climate change adopted at the Paris climate conference (COP21) in December 2015. At the 2015 Paris conference, at which the agreement was negotiated, developed countries reaffirmed their commitment to mobilize $100 billion a year to finance climate by 2020 and agreed to continue mobilizing $100 billion a year by 2025.  The commitment refers to the existing plan to allocate $100 billion per year to developing countries for climate change adaptation and climate change mitigation.  The Paris Agreement, adopted in Paris on 12 December 2015 and signed on 22 April 2016 at the Un headquarters in New York, which came into force on 4 November 2016 after being ratified by 96 states (188 to date), reflects the resurgence of a strong international climate ambition. As President of the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21), France has mobilized for rapid ratification of the Paris Agreement and has made the fight against global warming a priority on its diplomatic agenda. The American people believe in climate change – and they are determined to address it. In a joint letter, European Council President Donald Tusk and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker reaffirmed their commitment to implementing the Paris Agreement and stressed the EU`s commitment to the 2030 targets ahead of the SEPTEMBEr 2019 UN climate change summit and the UN Climate Change Conference (COP25) in December 2019. The Foreign Affairs Council adopted conclusions on European climate diplomacy after COP21. The Council highlighted the role of European climate diplomacy in promoting the implementation of the Paris Global Agreement on Climate Change concluded in December 2015. The agreement stated that it would only enter into force (and therefore fully effective) if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions (according to a list drawn up in 2015)  ratify, accept, approve or adhere to the agreement.   On April 1, 2016, the United States and China, which together account for nearly 40% of global emissions, issued a joint statement confirming that the two countries would sign the Paris climate agreement.  175 contracting parties (174 states and the European Union) signed the agreement on the first day of its signing.
  On the same day, more than 20 countries announced plans to join the accession as soon as possible in 2016. The ratification by the European Union has achieved a sufficient number of contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016.